Origins: Nicaragua


Overview

Altitude Range: 800 – 1500 MASL


Language Spoken: Spanish


Harvest: October – March


Annual Coffee Production: 1,500,000 bags (Crop 2013) - ICO


Common Varieties: Arabica – Caturra, Bourbon, Pacamara, Maragogype, Maracaturra, Catuai, Catimor


Avg Farm Size: Small producers with farm size fewer than 3 hectares. 


 

Growing Regions

Coffee production is divided in three regions: north central, northeast and south pacific 

North Central

The Matagalpa, Jinotega, and Boaco departments form this region. The majority (83.80%) of the total production comes from the northern part of the country. The Isabelia, Peñas Blancas, Matagalpa and Jinotega Mountains create different microclimates that help the production of coffee.

Northeast 

The Madriz, Nueva Segovia, and Estelí departments form this region. This region accounts for 13.60% of the total production. Dipilto and Jalapa within Nueva Segovia are the municipalities where most coffee plantations are. 

South Pacific 

Carazo, Granada, Masaya, Managua, and Rivas are the producing departments within the south Pacific region. Lower altitudes are found in this region, and it produces the least coffee.  

Processing

Coffees from Nicaragua are most commonly fully washed and dried on patios, but natural and pulped natural coffees are often occasionally found. 

Production History

While many Central American countries where discovered as specialty-coffee producers during the 1980s, Nicaragua was still unknown in the industry at that time. Political and economic difficulties during this period, such as turbulent dictatorships, Sandinista revolutions, the civil war, and the Communist era, created a high degree of political instability and corruption, which affected Nicaragua’s productive sector, including the coffee industry. During the Sandinista government, tight economic control forced farmers to sell at very low prices, which resulted in an inability to reinvest in their farms. This brought the coffee production quality to low levels. This came to an end with the Sandinista government, during the 1990s when free elections took place. Peace took over in the political and economical arena, and new incentives arose for capital to flow into the coffee industry. 

New programs have been created and have pushed coffee producers into innovative techniques of production and processing, elevating the quality of their coffee and making Nicaragua an important player in the specialty coffee industry. 

Coffee association: Consejo Nacional del café – CONACAFE 

Looking Forward

Our goal is to expand our buying operations in Nicaragua by discovering new regions and working with new counter parties in addition to some of the FTO co-ops we currently partner with. Nicaraguan producers are willing to walk the extra mile to produce high-quality coffee; our goal is to work with those producers in order to achieve the exceptional quality we are looking for. We are starting a new project in Nueva Segovia to bring exciting coffees, and this is only the beginning for our future plans in Nicaragua.